The discovery of the optoelectronic properties in ferroelectric perovskite thin films recently paved the way for the exploration of new approaches for energy conversion including applications in photovoltaics (PV). Without need for an n-p junction, the ferroelectric polarization of such thin films induces a strong internal electric field which can be used to separate photo generated carriers, thus producing a photocurrent. Due to the coexistence of ferroelectricity and magnetic order (i.e. transition metal ions with unpaired d electrons) in the same phase, recently epitaxial multiferroic thin films become interesting materials for PV applications since they usually have strong unidirectional ferroelectric polarizations and smaller band gaps (typically ~1.7-2.7eV) compared to conventional ferroelectric materials (~3.5 eV). Currently I am investigating functional properties of multiferroic hetero-epitaxial (single or multi layer) thin films deposited onto substrates by pulse laser deposition (PLD) in order to enhance the power conversion efficiency under solar spectrum (AM 1.5G).
|J. Chakrabartty, D. Barba, L. Jin, D. Benetti, F. Rosei, and R. Nechache. Photoelectrochemical Properties of BiMnO3 Thin Films and Nanostructures. Journal of Power Sources, 365, 162–168 (2017). (PDF).|
|J. Chakrabartty, R. Nechache, C. Harnagea, Shun Li, and F. Rosei. Enhanced photovoltaic properties in bilayer BiFeO3/Bi-Mn-O thin films. Nanotechnology, 27, 215402 (2016). (PDF).|
|R. Nechache, C. Harnagea, S. Li, L. Cardenas, W. Huang, J. Chakrabartty, and F. Rosei. Bandgap tuning of multiferroic oxide solar cells. Nature Photonics, 9, 61–67 (2015). (PDF).|
|J. Chakrabartty, R. Nechache, S. Li, M. Nicklaus, A. Ruediger, and F. Rosei. Photovoltaic Properties of Multiferroic BiFeO3/BiCrO3 Heterostructures. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 97, 1837–1840 (2014). (PDF).|
|J. P. Chakrabartty, R. Nechache, C. Harnagea, and F. Rosei. Photovoltaic effect in multiphase Bi-Mn-O thin films. Optics Express, 22, A80–A89 (2014). (PDF).|